Robert Spivak（ロバート スピバク）
1. "A Kingdom For A Stage: The Making of History in Richard III and Henry V,"
Bulletin of the Faculty of Letters, Tokai University, September 2000.
This paper deals with the forces that shape history in Richard III and Henry V. These two very different plays-both conclusions of the two tetralogies in Shakespeare’s history plays-share the same vision of history: history is controlled by man, chance, God, and by history (historical precedent) itself.
2. "American Theatre and AIDS," Bulletin of the Faculty of Humanities, Ibaraki University, September 1998.
This paper looks at two different approaches that deal with AIDS in American theatre: a direct an angry approach (The AIDS Show, As Is, The Destiny of Me, and Jeffrey) and a subtle and more complex one (The Baltimore waltz, Angels in America, and Lonely Planet).
3. "Jon Robin Baitz and the Arthur Miller Tradition," Bulletin of the Faculty of Humanities, Ibaraki University, April 1998.
Arthur Miller’s plays are often concerned with the corruption of values, and how this corruption affects the individual, family, friends, and the world at large. Comparing All My Sons and Death of a Salesman to Jon Robin Baitz’s The Film Society, The Substance of Fire, and A Fair Country, I argue that Baitz is following a literary tradition made famous by Miller.
4. Christopher Durang: Satire and Beyond, MA Thesis, Concordia University, 1991.
Christopher Durang’s plays--- around fifty to date-are satirical. They satirize and burlesque contemporary life, literary conventions, and institutions of authority: the Catholic Church, the family, education, and psychiatry. But what makes Durang’s satires unique are the moments beyond satire: when the satire stops and is replaced by dead silence, seriousness, and profound sadness.